Each warehouse must be designed to meet the specific needs of the supply chain a self storage. However, there are certain operations that are common to most warehouses and 自存倉.
These functions are as follows:
Reception. This activity usually involves unloading goods from incoming transportation vehicles, checking purchase orders, and recording items that enter the computer system. Quality inspection of goods can be carried out as part of this activity. From here, the goods are then placed (put-away) in the warehouse.
Backup storage. Goods are usually taken to the backup storage area, which is the biggest user of space in the warehouse. This area has most of the inventory at the warehouse location that can be identified. When needed, goods are taken from reserve storage directly to the shipment (if, for example, a full pallet is needed by the customer) or to fill in the location of the collection of goods.
Order to collect goods. When orders are received from customers, goods must be taken from the warehouse in the right amount and time to meet the required level of service. Order picking can contain a number of order lines, each order line requires a specific number of individual product lines. If the order line is for a full unit load, for example, a pallet, then this order can be taken directly from the backup storage area. However, if the order line is less than a full unit load (less than a unit load), for example, a number of cases or items, then the goods will usually be taken from the pickup location.
Sorting. For small sizes, sometimes it is more appropriate to order together with a batch and treat them as an order for retrieval purposes. In this case, the batch that has been taken must be sorted into the order to collect the goods individually before shipping.
Preparation and value-added services. The goods must be arranged into complete customer orders that are ready for shipment. Unless items are taken directly to shipping containers, they will be assembled or packaged together.
Arranging and shipping. Goods are arranged together to be loaded onto vehicles and then sent to the next ‘node’ in the supply chain.